Water Main Rehabilitation - Cured-In-Place Pipe (CIPP)

Last Updated: 09/01/2017

Madison was the first city in Wisconsin to rehabilitate aging water mains using Cured-In-Place Pipe (CIPP) relining methods. The process allows Madison Water Utility to create a new pipe inside the old, deteriorating main without digging up the street for a full replacement, saving both time and money.

You can see what the process looks like in this video:

Temporary Water Main

Before construction starts, you will be provided constant water service through a temporary, above-ground water main. The temporary main will be constructed entirely from NSF 61 drinking water safe components and will be disinfected and tested prior to providing service. The temporary main is connected to your home at an exterior hose bib. Existing water meters may need to be removed while connected to the bypass system.

  • Madison Water Utility requires the same disinfection, cleaning, testing, and flushing of all bypass piping and hydrants as every pipe in the City that serves its customers.
  • Any hydrants being used for above-ground bypass feeds are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected by MWU staff, prior to making any bypass connections.
  • All bypass pipes are certified by national standards as safe for use in potable water systems; Madison Water Utility requires “NSF/ANSI 61” certification for both the bypass piping and the lining material that will be used on the existing buried pipes. This certification is recognized as a way to ensure that any related products do not contribute contaminants to drinking water that could cause adverse health effects.
  • Prior to home connections, the bypass system is fully established and chlorinated for two days, before being flushed and tested at the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene to ensure that there are no bacteriological concerns.
  • Hydrants are always designated as non-potable during standard use. However, as mentioned above, MWU has taken steps to ensure that they are clean and safe for use during projects like these.

2017 Relining Projects

Madison Water Utility is targeting two west side neighborhoods for rehabilitation projects this year. Streets are chosen based on their history of main breaks. Construction is expected to begin in late August and should be completed by November.

Project Area 1- Rosa Rd./South Hill Dr. neighborhoods

• South Hill Drive (South Rosa Road to South Kenosha Drive)
• Trempealeau Trail (South Hill Drive to South Kenosha Drive)
• Stadium Drive (South Rosa Road to Trempealeau Trail)
• Carillon Drive (South Hill Drive to Regent Street)
• South Rock Road (Regent Street to Trempealeau Trail)
• South Kenosha Drive (South Hill Drive to Regent Street)
• Varsity Hill (South Rosa Road to Trempealeau Trail)

Project Area 2 - Schroeder Rd. neighborhoods

• Laurie Drive (Schroeder Road to Alison Lane)
• Alison Lane (Laurie Drive to Romford Road)
• Romford Road (Laurie Drive to Valley Stream Drive)
• Chapel Hill Road (Schroeder Road to Berkshite Road)
• Berkshire Road (Chapel Hill Road to Arden Lane)
• Arden Lane (Berkshire Road to Regis Road)
• Regis Road (Arden Lane to Chapel Hill Road)
• Regis Circle (Regis Road to end)
• Hathaway Drive (Schroeder Road to Strathmore Lane)
• Strathmore Lane (Hathaway Drive to end)
• Greenwich Drive (Strathmore Lane to Hathaway Drive)
 

Existing water mains will be temporarily taken out of service

Temporary main over sidewalk

Photo: Temporary bypass main crossing the sidewalk

While the main on your street is being rehabilitated, you will be provided water through an above-ground, temporary water main system. The system is disinfected, sampled and tested using the same procedures as all City of Madison water pipe installations. Ramps will be constructed over the bypass main at driveways and road crossings to maintain traffic flow.

While being served on the bypass system, your existing water meter will removed and then reinstalled once the rehabilitation is complete. Meter work will require appointments to be made with the project contractor, FER-PAL Construction. More detailed information regarding the temporary water system and associated water meter work will be distributed closer to the start of construction activity.

Temporary main over driveway

FAQs

Will I still have water service during construction?

Before construction starts, you will be provided constant water service through a temporary, above-ground water main. The temporary main will be constructed entirely from NSF 61 drinking water safe components and will be disinfected and tested prior to providing service. The temporary main is connected to your home at an exterior hose bib. Existing water meters may need to be removed while connected to the bypass system.

Any hydrants being used for above-ground bypass feeds are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected by MWU staff, prior to making any bypass connections. All bypass pipes are certified by national standards as safe for use in potable water systems; Madison Water Utility requires “NSF/ANSI 61” certification for both the bypass piping and the lining material that will be used on the existing buried pipes. This certification is recognized as a way to ensure that any related products do not contribute contaminants to drinking water that could cause adverse health effects.

Prior to home connections, the bypass system is fully established and chlorinated for two days, before being flushed and tested at the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene to ensure that there are no bacteriological concerns.

What can I expect during construction?

Construction is scheduled to begin in August and end by November. The project contractor, FER-PAL Construction, may work between the hours of 7:00 AM and 7:00 PM, Monday through Saturday and 10:00 AM and 7:00 PM Sunday. Roads will be open to traffic, however there will be several small street excavations, and the temporary main will run under ramps at traffic crossings and driveways. Madison Metro Bus services will not be impacted.

What is involved in CIPP process?

The CIPP pipe itself consists of two polyester layers and a durable water-tight surface layer. The polyester tubes are filled with a liquid epoxy resin. The resin-saturated tube is installed inside the existing water main between two small excavations at each end of the pipe segment. The tube is pressurized to adhere tightly against the existing pipe-walls and heat is applied to harden the resin, forming a new continuous pipe.

After the pipe is installed, service connections are re-cut from within the pipeline using a small robotic drilling system. The CIPP project will be subjected to the same water pressure and water quality testing requirements as any other new pipe system.

Are CIPP systems safe for drinking water?

All CIPP drinking water systems in Madison are certified ro meet the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) Standard 61 for drinking water health and safety. This certification is required by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources to ensure water meets all standards set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Safe Drinking Water Act.

Is CIPP as good as traditional pipe replacement materials?

The structural CIPP pipe is designed to meet the WI-DNR’s physical requirements of new pipes. The CIPP design calculations are prepared by a Professional Engineer and submitted to WI-DNR for review and approval prior to beginning construction. The CIPP liner pipe is designed to withstand at least a constant working pressure of 100-psi for 50-years with a factor of safety of 2.5. The calculations are to assume the CIPP liner as a stand-alone pipe, not relying on any remaining integrity of the deteriorated host pipe.

Why not install a new water main instead of rehabilitating the existing one?

Traditionally, digging trenches and installing new water pipes is the most cost-effective solution for neighborhoods with aging mains. Most water main replacements are coordinated with other utility work or street resurfacing projects so the costs can be shared. In circumstances like this one, the existing water mains are in need of replacement, but other utilities and the street pavement are not. CIPP is an important alternative to help solve main break issues in this case.